Birds of Sri Lanka observed at Polonnaruwa

This list includes all bird species with records of sightings, including stray visitors, in all of Sri Lanka as indicated in Wikipedia. In the right hand column we indicate observations restricted to the area in the central dry zone in and around Polonnaruwa. Many species have not been seen here at all (shown below as “no records”) others have been observed commonly, occasionally or rarely.  Rare observations are owed mostly to habitat limitations. Our records for Polonnaruwa cover a period of more than 47 years and are sourced from many naturalists working with the Primate Biology Program.

Click on a specie’s common name to see images and details about its morphology, distribution, habitat, conservation status and habits, as published in Wikipidia

PASSERIFORMES – Perching Birds

Observed in
and around Polonnaruwa
Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura Common
Rufous-winged Bushlark, Mirafra assamica Occasional
Oriental Skylark, Alauda gulgula Occasional
Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark, Eremopterix grisea Rare
Pale Martin, Riparia diluta No record
Dusky Crag Martin, Hirundo concolor No record
Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica Common
Hill Swallow, Hirundo tahitica No record
Wire-tailed Swallow, Hirundo smithii No record
Red-rumped Swallow, Hirundo daurica Common
Streak-throated Swallow, Hirundo fluvicola No record
Forest Wagtail, Dendronanthus indicus Occasional
Yellow Wagtail, Motacilla flava Occasional
Citrine Wagtail, Motacilla citreola No record
Grey Wagtail, Motacilla cinerea No record
White Wagtail, Motacilla alba No record
White-browed Wagtail, Motacilla maderaspatensis No record
Richard’s Pipit, Anthus richardi Common
Paddyfield Pipit, Anthus hodgsoni Common
Large Cuckooshrike, Coracina macei Rare
Black-headed Cuckooshrike, Coracina melanoptera Occasional
Small Minivet, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus Common
Scarlet Minivet, Pericrocotus flammeus Common
Bar-winged Flycatcher Shrike, Hemipus picatus Rare
Common Wood Shrike, Tephrodornis pondicerianus Common
Black-headed Yellow Bulbul, Pycnonotus melanicterus Endemic, Rare
Red-vented Bulbul, Pycnonotus cafer Common
Yellow-eared Bulbul, Pycnonotus pennicilitatus Endemic, No record
White-browed Bulbul, Pycnonotus luteolus Common
Yellow-browed Bulbul, Iole indica No record
Black Bulbul, Hypsipetes leucocephalus No record
Common Iora, Aegithina tiphia Common
Blue-winged Leafbird, Chloropsis cochinchinensis Rare
Golden-fronted Leafbird, Chloropsis aurifrons Common
Asian Fairy Bluebird, Irena puella No record
Brown Shrike, Lanius cristatus cristatus Occasional
Long-tailed Shrike, Lanius schach No record
Southern Grey Shrike, Lanius meridionalis No record
Blue Rock Thrush, Monticola solitaries No record
Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush, Myophonus blighi Endemic, No record
Pied Thrush, Zoothera wardii No record
Orange-headed Thrush, Zoothera citrine Rare
Spot-winged Thrush, Zoothera spiloptera Endemic, No record
Scaly Thrush, Zoothera dauma No record
Eurasian Blackbird, Turdus merula No record
Eyebrowed Thrush, Turdus obscures No record
Brown-capped Babbler, Pellomeum fuscocapillum Endemic, Common
Indian Scimitar Babbler, Pomatorhinus horsfieldii No record
Tawny-bellied Babbler, Dumetia hyperythra Rare
Dark-fronted Babbler, Rhodocichla atricaps Common
Yellow-eyed Babbler, Chrysomma sinense No record
Orange-billed Babbler, Turdoides rufescens Endemic, No record
Yellow-billed Babbler, Turdoides affinis Common
Ashy-headed Laughingthrush, Garrulax cinereifrons Endemic, No record
Sri Lanka Bush Warbler, Bradypterus palliseri Endemic, No record
Broad-tailed Grassbird, Schoenicola platyura No record
Lanceolated Warbler, Locustella lanceolata No record
Common Grasshopper Warbler, Locustella naevia No record
Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler, Locustella certhiola No record
Blyth’s Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus dumetorum No record
Clamorous Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus stentoreus Rare
Booted Warbler, Hippolais caligata No record
Common Tailorbird, Orthotomus sutorius Common
Greenish Warbler, Phylloscopus trochiloides No record
Green Warbler, Phylloscopus nitidus Occasional
Large-billed Leaf Warbler, Phylloscopus magnirostris Common
Lesser Whitethroat, Sylvia curruca No record
Zitting Cisticola, Cisticola juncidis Occasional
Grey-breasted Prinia, Prinia hodgsonii Occasional
Jungle Prinia, Prinia sylvatica Rare
Ashy Prinia, Prinia socialis Occasional
Plain Prinia, Prinia inomata Common
Asian Brown Flycatcher, Muscicapa dauurica Occasional
Brown-breasted Flycatcher, Muscicapa muttui Common
Dull-blue Flycatcher, Eumyias sordida Endemic, No record
Kashmir Flycatcher, Ficedula subrubra No record
Blue-throated Flycatcher, Cyomis rubeculoides No record
Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher, Cyomis tickelliae No record
Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher, Culicicapa ceylonensis No record
Black-naped Monarch, Hypothymis azurea Rare
Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Terpsiphone paradise Common
White-browed Fantail, Rhipidura aureola No record
Indian Blue Robin, Luscinia brunnea No record
Black-backed Robin, Saxicoloides fulicata Common
Oriental Magpie Robin, Copsychus saularis Common
Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin, Cercotrichas galactotes No record
Bluethroat, Luscinia svecica No record
White-rumped Shama, Copsychus malabaricus Common
Pied Bushchat, Saxicola caprata No record
Pied Wheatear, Oenanthe pleschanka No record
Desert Wheatear, Oenanthe deserti No record
Isabelline Wheatear, Oenanthe isabellina No record
Great Tit, Parus major No record
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, Sitta frontalis No record
Thick-billed Flowerpecker, Dicaeum agile Common
White-throated Flowerpecker, Dicaeum vincens Endemic, No record
Pale-billed Flowerpecker, Dicaeum erythrorhynchos Common
Purple-rumped Sunbird, Nectarinia zeylonica Common
Long-billed Sunbird, Nectarinia lotenia Common
Purple Sunbird, Nectarinia asiatica Common
Oriental White-eye, Zosterops palpebrosa Rare
Sri Lanka White-eye, Zosterops ceylonensis Endemic, No record
White-throated Silverbill, Lonchura malabarica Rare
White-rumped Munia, Lonchura striata Common
Scaly-breasted Munia, Lonchura punctulata Occasional
Black-throated Munia, Lonchura kelaarti Endemic, No record
Black-headed Munia, Lonchura Malacca Occasional
Java Sparrow, Lonchura oryzivora No record
House Sparrow, Passer domesticus Common
Chestnut-shouldered Petronia, Petronia xanthocollis No record
Streaked Weaver, Ploceus manyar No record
Baya Weaver, Ploceus philippinus Rare
White-faced Starling, Stumus senex Endemic, No record
Chestnut-tailed Starling, Sturnus malabaricus No record
Brahminy Starling, Sturnus pagodarurn Rare
Rosy Starling, Sturnus roseus No record
Common Myna, Acridotheres tristis Common
Sri Lanka Myna, Gracula ptilogenys Endemic, No record
Hill Myna, Gracula religiosa No record
Eurasian Golden Oriole, Oriolus oriolus No record
Black-naped Oriole, Oriolus chinensis No record
Black-hooded Oriole, Oriolus xanthornus Common
Black Drongo, Dicrurus macrocercus No record
Grey Drongo, Dicrurus leucophaeus No record
White-bellied Drongo, Dicrurus caerulescens Common
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Dicrurus paradiseus Rare
Ashy Woodswallow, Artamus fuscus Rare
Sri Lanka Magpie, Urocissa ornata Endemic, No record
House Crow, Corvus splendens Common
Large-billed Crow, Corvus macrorhynchos Common